Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar - Nobel awarded Indo-American Scientist

by   Ram Kumar

subrahmanyan chandrasekharSubrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was an Indian-American astrophysicist who won Nobel Prize in 1983. He called as "Chandra" by everyone. The word chandra means "moon" or "luminous" in Sanskrit.

Early Days

In 1910, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekar was born in Lahore. His Father Name is Chandrasekhara Subrahmanya Ayyar, he was a Government officier and his Mother Name is Sita Balakrishnan. She was a highly intellectual women for translating literary works into Tamil. He studied at home itself in private tutors.

In to Physics...

In 1925, he go to Hindu High School for graduation and completed Bachelors Degree in Physics in Presidency College. He get scholarship to purse graduate studies at Cambridge University, England. In 1933, he completed Ph.D in Cambridge University.

In 1936, he married Lalitha Doriswamy. In 1937 he joined faculty of University of Chicago. He was one of the first scientist to couple the study of physics with the study of astronomy.

He developed theories about star atmosphere, black holes and published books as editor of Prominent Astrophysical Journal. He research and studied various topics like Stellar structure, Theory of Radiative Transfer, quantum theory .


In 1966, Laboratory for Astrophysics and space Research(LASR) was built by NASA and Chandrasekhar occupied one of the four corner office on the second floor. During World War II, Chandrasekhar worked at the Ballistic Research Laboratories to solve the problem of ballistics.

In the year 1990-1995 he worked on a project to explain details about geomentric arguments used by Sir Issac Newton and their methods of ordinary calculus. In the year 1995, he published a book “Newton's Principia for the Common Reader”. He become a honorary member of International Academy of Science.

Awards

In 1983, chandrasekhar was awareded the Nobel Prize in Physics due to his studies on the physical processes involved in the structure and evolution of stars.

Death

In 1995, chandrasekhar died in Chicago due to heart Failure.
 

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